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Call for Award Nominations
Fri, June 2, 2023
Wind farms comprise a network of dynamical systems that operate within a continuous space, i.e., the turbulent atmospheric boundary layer (ABL). Viewing the turbines as actuators that adjust the flow field to collectively produce a desired overall power output, wind farms are an excellent prototype for flow control in which the actuators are well-defined and located in the region of interest. In this talk we introduce models and control strategies that adopt this viewpoint. We first demonstrate that taking into account both the challenges and opportunities arising through interactions with the ABL can enable wind farms to participate in markets that support the grid with improved efficiency. We then focus on the dynamic interconnections within the farm, which we formulate in terms of a graph with time-varying edge connectivity that accounts for changes in the incoming wind direction and turbine yaw angles. An example implementation of this simplified graph model within a combined pitch and yaw controller demonstrates the potential and limitations of yaw for augmenting pitch control in power tracking applications. In the final part of the talk, we discuss new approaches for developing similar types of control oriented models that focus on the critical flow features in other types of wall-bounded shear flows.